Esercizi di inglese: phrasal verbs

I phrasal verbs sono verbi seguiti una preposizione e da un complemento oggetto. Nella maggior parte dei casi il senso del verbo cambia completamente.... è per questo purtroppo vanno studiati a memoria . Leggi la lista completa e poi esercitati sui più comuni phrasal verbs direttamente on-line.

Phrasal verbs - introduzione

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Infinito     Verbo     Traduzione     Spiegazione     Esempio    
ADDadd up to somethingequivalere aequalYour purchases add up to $205.32.
ASKask someone outchiedere di uscireinvite on a dateBrian asked Judy out to dinner and a movie.
ASKask aroundchiedere in giroask many people the same questionI asked around but nobody has seen my wallet.
BACKback something upfare retromarcia con veicolireverseYou'll have to back up your car so that I can get out.
BACKback someone upsostenere qualcunosupportMy wife backed me up over my decision to quit my job.
BLOWblow upesplodereexplodeThe racing car blew up after it crashed into the fence.
BLOWblow something upriempire qualcosa con l'ariaadd airWe have to blow 50 balloons up for the party.
BREAKbreak downguastarsistop functioning (vehicle, machine)Our car broke down at the side of the highway in the snowstorm.
BREAKbreak downscoppiare a piangereget upsetThe woman broke down when the police told her that her son had died.
BREAKbreak something downscomporredivide into smaller partsOur teacher broke the final project down into three separate parts.
BREAKbreak inirrompereforce entry to a buildingSomebody broke in last night and stole our stereo.
BREAKbreak into somethingentrare con la forzaenter forciblyThe firemen had to break into the room to rescue the children.
BREAKbreak something inammorbidire con l'utilizzo le scarpewear something a few times so that it doesn't look/feel newI need to break these shoes in before we run next week.
BREAKbreak ininterrompereinterruptThe TV station broke in to report the news of the president's death.
BREAKbreak uplasciarsiend a relationshipMy boyfriend and I broke up before I moved to America.
BREAKbreak upscoppiare a riderestart laughing (informal)The kids just broke up as soon as the clown started talking.
BREAKbreak outevadere di prigioneescapeThe prisoners broke out of jail when the guards weren't looking.
BREAKbreak out in somethingessere colpito da eruzione cutaneadevelop a skin conditionI broke out in a rash after our camping trip.
BRINGbring someone downbuttare giù di moralemake unhappyThis sad music is bringing me down.
BRINGbring someone upcrescere qualcunoraise a childMy grandparents brought me up after my parents died.
BRINGbring something upparlare di un argomentostart talking about a subjectMy mother walks out of the room when my father brings up sports.
BRINGbring something upvomitarevomitHe drank so much that he brought his dinner up in the toilet.
CALLcall aroundchiamare in girophone many different places/peopleWe called around but we weren't able to find the car part we needed.
CALLcall someone backrichiamarereturn a phone callI called the company back but the offices were closed for the weekend.
CALLcall something offannullarecancelJason called the wedding off because he wasn't in love with his fiancé.
CALLcall on someonechiedere aask for an answer or opinionThe professor called on me for question 1.
CALLcall on someoneandare a trovare qualcunovisit someoneWe called on you last night but you weren't home.
CALLcall someone updare un colpo di telefono a qualcunophoneGive me your phone number and I will call you up when we are in town.
CALMcalm downcalmarsirelax after being angryYou are still mad. You need to calm down before you drive the car.
CAREnot care for someone/somethingnon piacerenot like (formal)I don't care for his behaviour.
CATCHcatch upraggiungereget to the same point as someone elseYou'll have to run faster than that if you want to catch up with Marty.
CHECHcheck infare il check in, registrarsi, prendere possesso della cameraarrive and register at a hotel or airportWe will get the hotel keys when we check in.
CHECHcheck outlasciare la stanza dell'albergoleave a hotelYou have to check out of the hotel before 11:00 AM.
CHECHcheck someone/something outverificarelook at carefully, investigateThe company checks out all new employees.
CHECHcheck out someone/somethingdare un'occhiata a, guardarelook at (informal)Check out the crazy hair on that guy!
CHEERcheer uptirarsi su di moralebecome happierShe cheered up when she heard the good news.
CHEERcheer someone uptirare qualcuno su di moralemake happierI brought you some flowers to cheer you up.
CHIPchip inintervenire, contribuirehelpIf everyone chips in we can get the kitchen painted by noon.
CLEANclean something upfare pulizia, sistemare, riordinaretidy, cleanPlease clean up your bedroom before you go outside.
COMEcome across somethingimbattersi in qualcosafind unexpectedlyI came across these old photos when I was tidying the closet.
COMEcome apartandare in pezziseparateThe top and bottom come apart if you pull hard enough.
COMEcome down with somethingprendere una malattiabecome sickMy nephew came down with chicken pox this weekend.
COMEcome forwardfarsi avantivolunteer for a task or to give evidenceThe woman came forward with her husband's finger prints.
COMEcome from somewhereprovenire daoriginate inThe art of origami comes from Asia.
COUNTcount on someone/somethingcontare su qualcuno o qualcosarely onI am counting on you to make dinner while I am out.
CROSScross something outcancellaredraw a line throughPlease cross out your old address and write your new one.
CUTcut back on somethingridurreconsume lessMy doctor wants me to cut back on sweets and fatty foods.
CUTcut something downabbatteremake something fall to the groundWe had to cut the old tree in our yard down after the storm.
CUTcut inintromettersi, interrompereinterruptYour father cut in while I was dancing with your uncle.
CUTcut intagliare la stradapull in too closely in front of another vehicleThe bus driver got angry when that car cut in.
CUTcut inentrare in azionestart operating (of an engine or electrical device)The air conditioner cuts in when the temperature gets to 22°C.
CUTcut something offamputareremove with something sharpThe doctors cut off his leg because it was severely injured.
CUTcut something offstaccarestop providingThe phone company cut off our phone because we didn't pay the bill.
CUTcut someone offtagliare i pontitake out of a willMy grandparents cut my father off when he remarried.
CUTcut something outritagliare, tagliareremove part of something (usually with scissors and paper)I cut this ad out of the newspaper.
DOdo someone/something overrapinarebeat up, ransack (Br.E., informal)He's lucky to be alive. His shop was done over by a street gang.
DOdo something overrifaredo again (N.Amer.)My teacher wants me to do my essay over because she doesn't like my topic.
DOdo away with somethingeliminare, buttare viadiscardIt's time to do away with all of these old tax records.
DOdo something upchiudere, allacciare un indumentofasten, closeDo your coat up before you go outside. It's snowing!
DRESSdress upvestirsi elegantewear nice clothingIt's a fancy restaurant so we have to dress up.
DROPdrop backrimanere indietromove back in a position/groupAndrea dropped back to third place when she fell off her bike.
DROPdrop in/by/overfare un salto, passare a trovarecome without an appointmentI might drop in/by/over for tea some time this week.
DROPdrop someone/something offlasciare qualcuno o qualcosa in un postotake someone/something somewhere and leave them/it thereI have to drop my sister off at work before I come over.
DROPdrop outlasciare, abbandonare, ritirarsiquit a class, school etcI dropped out of Science because it was too difficult.
EATeat outmangiare fuorieat at a restaurantI don't feel like cooking tonight. Let's eat out.
ENDend upfinire pereventually reach/do/decideWe ended up renting a movie instead of going to the theatre.
FALLfall apartandare a pezzi, sgretolarsibreak into piecesMy new dress fell apart in the washing machine.
FALLfall downcaderefall to the groundThe picture that you hung up last night fell down this morning.
FALLfall outcadere daseparate from an interiorThe money must have fallen out of my pocket.
FALLfall outcadere, perdere capelli o denti(of hair, teeth) become loose and unattachedHis hair started to fall out when he was only 35.
FIGUREfigure something outcomprendere, capireunderstand, find the answerI need to figure out how to fit the piano and the bookshelf in this room.
FILLfill something incompilareto write information in blanks (Br.E.)Please fill in the form with your name, address, and phone number.
FILLfill something outcompilareto write information in blanks (N.Amer.)The form must be filled out in capital letters.
FILLfill something upriempirefill to the topI always fill the water jug up when it is empty.
FINDfind outscoprirediscoverWe don't know where he lives. How can we find out?
FINDfind something outscoprirediscoverWe tried to keep the time of the party a secret, but Samantha found it out.
GETget something across/overcomunicare, esprimerecommunicate, make understandableI tried to get my point across/over to the judge but she wouldn't listen.
GETget along/onandare d'accordolike each otherI was surprised how well my new girlfriend and my sister got along/on.
GETget aroundmuoversihave mobilityMy grandfather can get around fine in his new wheelchair.
GETget awaypartire, andare in vacanzago on a vacationWe worked so hard this year that we had to get away for a week.
GETget away with somethingfarla franca, passarla liscia, cavarselado without being noticed or punishedJason always gets away with cheating in his maths tests.
GETget backritornarereturnWe got back from our vacation last week.
GETget something backriavere qualcosa indietroreceive something you had beforeLiz finally got her Science notes back from my room-mate.
GETget back at someonevendicarsi di qualcunoretaliate, take revengeMy sister got back at me for stealing her shoes. She stole my favourite hat.
GETget back into somethingritornare a, riprenderebecome interested in something againI finally got back into my novel and finished it.
GETget on somethingsalire su un mezzo di trasportostep onto a vehicleWe're going to freeze out here if you don't let us get on the bus.
GETget over somethingguarire da, riprendersi darecover from an illness, loss, difficultyI just got over the flu and now my sister has it.
GETget over somethingsuperareovercome a problemThe company will have to close if it can't get over the new regulations.
GETget round to somethingtrovare il tempo per qualcosafinally find time to do (N.Amer.: get around to something)I don't know when I am going to get round to writing the thank you cards.
GETget togethervedersi, incontrarsimeet (usually for social reasons)Let's get together for a BBQ this weekend.
GETget upalzarsi dal letto, svegliarsiget out of bedI got up early today to study for my exam.
GETget upalzarsistandYou should get up and give the elderly man your seat.
GIVEgive someone awayrivelarereveal hidden information about someoneHis wife gave him away to the police.
GIVEgive someone awayaccompagnare la sposatake the bride to the altarMy father gave me away at my wedding.
GIVEgive something awaytradireruin a secretMy little sister gave the surprise party away by accident.
GIVEgive something awayregalare, dare viagive something to someone for freeThe library was giving away old books on Friday.
GIVEgive something backrestituire qualcosa a qualcunoreturn a borrowed itemI have to give these skates back to Franz before his hockey game.
GIVEgive inarrendersi, cederereluctantly stop fighting or arguingMy boyfriend didn't want to go to the ballet, but he finally gave in.
GIVEgive something outdistribuiregive to many people (usually at no cost)They were giving out free perfume samples at the department store.
GIVEgive something upsmettere diquit a habitI am giving up smoking as of January 1st.
GIVEgive uparrendersistop tryingMy maths homework was too difficult so I gave up.
GOgo after someonecorrere dietro a qualcunofollow someoneMy brother tried to go after the thief in his car.
GOgo after somethingperseguiretry to achieve somethingI went after my dream and now I am a published writer.
GOgo against someoneandare controcompete, opposeWe are going against the best soccer team in the city tonight.
GOgo aheadprocederestart, proceedPlease go ahead and eat before the food gets cold.
GOgo backritornarereturn to a placeI have to go back home and get my lunch.
GOgo outuscireleave home to go on a social eventWe're going out for dinner tonight.
GOgo out with someoneuscire con qualcunodateJesse has been going out with Luke since they met last winter.
GOgo over somethingriesaminarereviewPlease go over your answers before you submit your test.
GOgo overandare a trovarevisit someone nearbyI haven't seen Tina for a long time. I think I'll go over for an hour or two.
GOgo without somethingfare a menosuffer lack or deprivationWhen I was young, we went without winter boots.
GROWgrow apartallontanarsistop being friends over timeMy best friend and I grew apart after she changed schools.
GROWgrow backricrescereregrowMy roses grew back this summer.
GROWgrow upcrescere, diventare grandibecome an adultWhen Jack grows up he wants to be a fireman.
GROWgrow out of somethingnon entrare più in qualcosaget too big forElizabeth needs a new pair of shoes because she has grown out of her old ones.
GROWgrow into somethingcrescere fino a qualcosagrow big enough to fitThis bike is too big for him now, but he should grow into it by next year.
HANDhand something downlasciare, tramandaregive something used to someone elseI handed my old comic books down to my little cousin.
HANDhand something inpresentare, consegnaresubmitI have to hand in my essay by Friday.
HANDhand something outdistribuire, dispensareto distribute to a group of peopleWe will hand out the invitations at the door.
HANDhand something overconsegnaregive (usually unwillingly)The police asked the man to hand over his wallet and his weapons.
HANGhang intenere duro, resistere, coraggio, forzastay positive (N.Amer., informal)Hang in there. I'm sure you'll find a job very soon.
HANGhang onattendere, aspettarewait a short time (informal)Hang on while I grab my coat and shoes!
HANGhang outpassare il tempospend time relaxing (informal)Instead of going to the party we are just going to hang out at my place.
HANGhang upriagganciare, riattacare il telefonoend a phone callHe didn't say goodbye before he hung up.
HOLDhold someone/something backtrattenereprevent from doing/goingI had to hold my dog back because there was a cat in the park.
HOLDhold something backtrattenere, nascondere i sentimentihide an emotionJamie held back his tears at his grandfather's funeral.
HOLDhold onattendere, restare in lineawait a short timePlease hold on while I transfer you to the Sales Department.
HOLDhold onto someone/somethingmantenere, tenere strettohold firmly using your hands or armsHold onto your hat because it's very windy outside.
HOLDhold someone/something uprapinarerobA man in a black mask held the bank up this morning.
KEEPkeep on doing somethingcontinuare a continue doingKeep on stirring until the liquid comes to a boil.
KEEPkeep something from someonemantenere nascostonot tellWe kept our relationship from our parents for two years.
KEEPkeep someone/something outtenere fuori, non fare entrarestop from enteringTry to keep the wet dog out of the living room.
KEEPkeep something upmantenerecontinue at the same rateIf you keep those results up you will get into a great college.
LETlet someone downdeluderefail to support or help, disappointI need you to be on time. Don't let me down this time.
LETlet someone infar entrareallow to enterCan you let the cat in before you go to school?
LOOKlook after someone/somethingprendersi cura ditake care ofI have to look after my sick grandmother.
LOOKlook down on someoneguardare qualcuno dall'alto in bassothink less of, consider inferiorEver since we stole that chocolate bar your dad has looked down on me.
LOOKlook for someone/somethingcercaretry to findI'm looking for a red dress for the wedding.
LOOKlook forward to somethingnon vedere l'orabe excited about the futureI'm looking forward to the Christmas break.
LOOKlook into somethingverificare, investigareinvestigateWe are going to look into the price of snowboards today.
LOOKlook outattenzione, stai attentobe careful, vigilant, and take noticeLook out! That car's going to hit you!
LOOKlook out for someone/somethingfare attenzione a be especially vigilant forDon't forget to look out for snakes on the hiking trail.
LOOKlook something overcontrollare, verificare, esaminarecheck, examineCan you look over my essay for spelling mistakes?
LOOKlook something upcercaresearch and find information in a reference book or databaseWe can look her phone number up on the Internet.
LOOKlook up to someoneguardare qualcuno con ammirazionehave a lot of respect forMy little sister has always looked up to me.
MAKEmake something upinventareinvent, lie about somethingJosie made up a story about about why we were late.
MAKEmake upfare paceforgive each otherWe were angry last night, but we made up at breakfast.
MAKEmake someone uptruccare qualcunoapply cosmetics toMy sisters made me up for my graduation party.
MIXmix something upscambiare, confondereconfuse two or more thingsI mixed up the twins' names again!
PASSpass awayvenire a mancare, moriredieHis uncle passed away last night after a long illness.
PASSpass outsvenirefaintIt was so hot in the church that an elderly lady passed out.
PASSpass something outdistribuire give the same thing to many peopleThe professor passed the textbooks out before class.
PASSpass something uprinunciare a decline (usually something good)I passed up the job because I am afraid of change.
PAYpay someone backrestituire, ripagarereturn owed moneyThanks for buying my ticket. I'll pay you back on Friday.
PAYpay for somethingpagarla per, pagare le conseguenzebe punished for doing something badThat bully will pay for being mean to my little brother.
PICKpick something outsceglierechooseI picked out three sweaters for you to try on.
POINTpoint someone/something outindicareindicate with your fingerI'll point my boyfriend out when he runs by.
PUTput something downmettereput what you are holding on a surface or floorYou can put the groceries down on the kitchen counter.
PUTput someone downscreditare, criticare qualcunoinsult, make someone feel stupidThe students put the substitute teacher down because his pants were too short.
PUTput something offrimandarepostponeWe are putting off our trip until January because of the hurricane.
PUTput something outspegnere, estinguereextinguishThe neighbours put the fire out before the firemen arrived.
PUTput something togethermettere insiemeassembleI have to put the crib together before the baby arrives.
PUTput up with someone/somethingsopportare, tolleraretolerateI don't think I can put up with three small children in the car.
PUTput something onindossare, mettereput clothing/accessories on your bodyDon't forget to put on your new earrings for the party.
RUNrun into someone/somethingincontrare qualcuno, scontrarsimeet unexpectedlyI ran into an old school-friend at the mall.
RUNrun over someone/somethinginvestiredrive a vehicle over a person or thingI accidentally ran over your bicycle in the driveway.
RUNrun over/through somethingriprovare, ripassarerehearse, reviewLet's run over/through these lines one more time before the show.
RUNrun awayfuggire, scappareleave unexpectedly, escapeThe child ran away from home and has been missing for three days.
RUNrun outfinire, essere senzahave none leftWe ran out of shampoo so I had to wash my hair with soap.
SENTsend something backrispedire indietroreturn (usually by mail)My letter got sent back to me because I used the wrong stamp.
SETset something uporganizzarearrange, organizeOur boss set a meeting up with the president of the company.
SETset someone upincastraretrick, trapThe police set up the car thief by using a hidden camera.
SHOPshop aroundguardare in giro, da vari negozianticompare pricesI want to shop around a little before I decide on these boots.
SHOWshow offvantarsi, darsi delle arieact extra special for people watching (usually boastfully)He always shows off on his skateboard
SLEEPsleep overdormire a casa di qualcunostay somewhere for the night (informal)You should sleep over tonight if the weather is too bad to drive home.
SORTsort something outorganizzareorganize, resolve a problemWe need to sort the bills out before the first of the month.
STICKstick to somethingattenersi a qualcosa, seguire rigorosamentecontinue doing something, limit yourself to one particular thingYou will lose weight if you stick to the diet.
SWITCHswitch something offspegnere stop the energy flow, turn offThe light's too bright. Could you switch it off.
SWITCHswitch something onaccenderestart the energy flow, turn onWe heard the news as soon as we switched on the car radio.
TAKEtake after someoneprendere da, somigliare aresemble a family memberI take after my mother. We are both impatient.
TAKEtake something apartsmontarepurposely break into piecesHe took the car brakes apart and found the problem.
TAKEtake something backriportare indietroreturn an itemI have to take our new TV back because it doesn't work.
TAKEtake offdecollarestart to flyMy plane takes off in five minutes.
TAKEtake something offtogliersi, levarsiremove something (usually clothing)Take off your socks and shoes and come in the lake!
TAKEtake something outportare fuoriremove from a place or thingCan you take the garbage out to the street for me?
TAKEtake someone outportare qualcuno fuori, uscire conpay for someone to go somewhere with youMy grandparents took us out for dinner and a movie.
TEARtear something upstrappare, fare a pezzirip into piecesI tore up my ex-boyfriend's letters and gave them back to him.
THINKthink backripensare, ricordareremember (often + to, sometimes + on)When I think back on my youth, I wish I had studied harder.
THINKthink something overpensare a, riflettere suconsiderI'll have to think this job offer over before I make my final decision.
THROWthrow something awaybuttare viadispose ofWe threw our old furniture away when we won the lottery.
TRYtry something onprovaresample clothingI'm going to try these jeans on, but I don't think they will fit.
TRYtry something outprovaretestI am going to try this new brand of detergent out.
TURNturn something downabbassaredecrease the volume or strength (heat, light etc)Please turn the TV down while the guests are here.
TURNturn something downrifiutare, respingererefuseI turned the job down because I don't want to move.
TURNturn something offspegnere stop the energy flow, switch offYour mother wants you to turn the TV off and come for dinner.
TURNturn something onaccenderestart the energy, switch onIt's too dark in here. Let's turn some lights on.
TURNturn something upalzare, aumentareincrease the volume or strength (heat, light etc)Can you turn the music up? This is my favourite song.
TURNturn upsaltare fuori, comparireappear suddenlyOur cat turned up after we put posters up all over the neighbourhood.
USEuse something upfinire, esaurire, consumarefinish the supplyThe kids used all of the toothpaste up so we need to buy some more.
WAKEwake upsvegliarsistop sleepingWe have to wake up early for work on Monday.
WARMwarm someone/something upscaldare, riscaldareincrease the temperatureYou can warm your feet up in front of the fireplace.
WARMwarm upfare riscaldamento, riscaldarsiprepare body for exerciseI always warm up by doing sit-ups before I go for a run.
WEARwear offsvanire, scomparirefade awayMost of my make-up wore off before I got to the party.
WORKwork outesercitarsi, allenarsiexerciseI work out at the gym three times a week.
WORKwork outriuscirebe successfulOur plan worked out fine.
WORKwork something outcalcolaremake a calculationWe have to work out the total cost before we buy the house.

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