Questo sito raccoglie dati statistici anonimi sulla navigazione, mediante cookie installati da terze parti autorizzate, rispettando la privacy dei tuoi dati personali e secondo le norme previste dalla legge. È possibile approfondire come usiamo i Cookie sulla nostra pagina dedicata e su come disinibire l'utilizzo dei cookie attraverso il browser.Continuando a navigare su questo sito, cliccando sui link al suo interno o semplicemente scrollando la pagina verso il basso, accetti il servizio e gli stessi cookie.

Preposizione e avverbi di stato in luogo

Diverse sono le preposizioni e gli avverbi di stato in luogo che definiscono, cioè, un'azione svolta in un certo luogo ben definito. Tra le principali, citiamo "at", "in", tra le più utilizzate, e poi "beside", "on", "over" e così via. Ben precise sono le regole di utilizzo, in particolare per quanto riguarda "in" e "at" che, a prima vista, possono sembrare molto simili.

Spiegazione grammaticale

Preposizioni e avverbi di stato in luogo

AT

è probabilmente la preposizione più usata. Si utilizza per indicare un posto specifico (casa, ufficio, punti specifici della strada, numeri civici etc.)

I’m meeting Katy at her office. Play

His house is at the end of the road. Play

si usa anche per indicare un luogo in riferimento alla sua funzione

Elizabeth works at the cinema. Play

Caroline is not home right now. She’s at school. Play

ON

letteralmente “sopra”, viene utilizzato per parlare di qualcosa a contatto con una superficie.

Tommy’s cat is sitting on the roof. Play

I don’t have my homework right now. I left it on my desk. Play

ATTENZIONE! “ON” viene anche utilizzato per indicare i lati di un oggetto.

The office you’re looking for is on the left/on the right. Play

ABOVE

letteralmente “sopra”, “al di sopra”. Viene raramente sostituito da “over”, che spesso però implica movimento.

We have known each other for ages. He lives above us. Play

There was a trophy on the shelf above Tom's desk. Play

BELOW

letteralmente “sotto”, “al di sotto”. Viene raramente sostituito da “under”, che spesso però implica movimento.

The Smiths live in the apartment below this one. Play

The sentences below are correct. Play

UNDER

letteralmente “sotto”.

The cat is hiding under the sofa. Play

Sam can’t find his wallet. It is lying under his bed. Play

BETWEEN

letteralmente “tra”, indica la posizione di un oggetto situato tra altri due oggetti.

The cinema is located between the library and the Chinese restaurant. Play

My friend Cami is the girl sitting between Marcus and Lola. Play

AMONG

letteralmente “tra”, indica una posizione tra un numero imprecisato di oggetti.

Josiah's farm is situated among the cornfields of eastern Kansas. Play

I sat among them. Play

NEAR

letteralmente “vicino”, “nei pressi”.

The cinema is near the library. You can’t miss it. Play

John’s house is near his school, but he’s always late anyway. Play

NEXT TO

letteralmente “a fianco di”.

Sammie and Clara are very close. They always sit next to each other in class. Play

They finally delivered that security footage from the building next to the crime scene. Play

Preposizioni e avverbi di stato in luogo

 

BESIDE

letteralmente "di fianco a, a fianco di, vicino"

John and Mary live next to each other. Play

The fridge is beside the door. Play

IN FRONT OF

letteralmente “di fronte a”, “davanti a”. Ha un significato piuttosto generico.

Sophie must be home. Her car is parked in front of her house. Play

The guy in front of Marcus is my brother. Play

OPPOSITE

letteralmente “direttamente di fronte a”, “faccia a faccia”, con un significato più specifico.

The goals were at opposite ends of the field. Play

She saw a shadowy figure in the window of the building opposite. Play

ACROSS

letteralmente "di fronte a, davanti"

Amy saw the robbers getting inside the opposite building. Play

My office building is just across from the mall. Play

--- PER APPROFONDIRE L’ARGOMENTO: opposite vs. across ---

http://www.learnersdictionary.com/qa/opposite-vs-across-from

What is the difference between opposite and across from?

Opposite and across from

The prepositions opposite and across from typically mean the same thing:  on the other side of (something or someone). In the sentences below, for example, either one of these two prepositions can be used, without a change in meaning.

  • She sat  across from / opposite  me at the table.
  • The restaurant is  across from / opposite  the high school.
  • We live  across from / opposite  a park.

However, there is a context in which the preposition opposite has a different meaning. In written or spoken language about plays or movies, opposite can mean “in a play or movie with (another actor)” as in this example:

  • She appears opposite Clint Eastwood in her latest movie.

Finally, be aware that unlike across from, opposite is not always a preposition. It often functions as an adjective or a noun, as in these examples:

  • The two boys lived on opposite sides of the street. (opposite is an adjective describing sides)
  • My two sisters are complete opposites.  (opposites is a plural noun)

BEHIND

letteralmente “dietro”.

Jimmy’s house is right behind mine. Play

Michael car is parked behind Tony’s. Play

INSIDE

letteralmente “dentro”, “all’interno”.

Josie and Paula got locked inside the cemetery. It was very scary. Play

It’s best to stay inside the house when it’s snowing. Play

OUTSIDE

letteralmente “fuori”, “all’esterno”.

The kids love to play outside during summer. Play

I forgot my keys, so I was locked outside my house. Play

IN THE MIDDLE

letteralmente “in mezzo”, o “al centro”.

This pastry has custard in the middle. Play

The car broke down in the middle of the road. Play

--- PER APPROFONDIRE L’ARGOMENTO ---

Adverbs of place tell us where something happens.
They are usually placed after the main verb or after the object.

Other adverbs of place: ending in '-wards', expressing movement in a particular direction: backwards | forwards | downwards | upwards | inwards | outwards | northwards | southwards | eastwards | westwards | homewards | onwards





Per salvare la lezione devi leggerla, il tempo stimato minimo di lettura è di circa 1 minuto. Mancano ancora: secondi.

Forum di inglese

Cerca nel sito

home





La pagina è stata elaborata in 62 millisecondi